British suffragettes in the early 20th century used spectacle and drama to draw attention to their fight to win women the vote. They delivered public speeches, marched, displayed colorful banners, and got thrown in jail, all in an effort to pressure legislators to extend suffrage to women.
But after a violent clash with police in November 1910 — a day known as “Black Friday” — their tactics changed. They began committing random acts of property damage, smashing windows, setting fire to buildings, and even destroying fine art on public display.
The most radical act of destruction came in 1913, when militant suffragette Emily Wilding Davison threw herself under King George V’s racehorse at the Epsom Derby. She died of her injuries and became a suffragette martyr.
Davison’s funeral procession ultimately ended up being one of the largest (and last) major demonstrations by the British suffragettes. World War I interrupted their protests, and women over 30 won the vote in 1918, when the war ended.
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