The first Covid vaccine is now being rolled out in the UK, with a 90-year-old woman in Coventry getting the first shot on Tuesday morning.
The Pfizer vaccine is now in 70 hospital hubs across the country and will be rolled out to more locations starting next week – as GPs prepare to inject from their surgeries.
The vaccine should also reach nursing homes before Christmas, and sports venues and concert halls will be turned into centers for mass vaccination next year.
But there are three groups of people who will not receive the vaccine on the advice of the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunization (the JCVI) and the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA), reports The mirror.
Children – under 16 years old
There is a lack of evidence on the impact of the vaccine on children as it has only been tested on adults.
Also, the vast majority of children who contract the coronavirus experience mild symptoms or are even asymptomatic – meaning they don’t experience any symptoms.
That’s according to the JCVI, which said further research is underway to understand the safety of Covid-19 vaccines in children.
Pregnant women or those planning a pregnancy should not receive a coronavirus vaccine because potential risks are still unknown, new guidelines said.
The JCVI has updated its advice on vaccination priority groups after the UK approved Pfizer’s emergency injection this month.
The JCVI recommended that pregnant women do not come forward to receive the shot, writing, “There are no data on the safety of Covid-19 vaccines in pregnancy, either from human or animal studies.
Given the lack of evidence, JCVI advocates a precautionary approach and does not currently recommend vaccination with Covid-19 during pregnancy.
“Women should be advised not to present themselves for vaccination if they may be pregnant or are planning a pregnancy within three months of the first dose.”
It adds, “Data is expected that will inform the discussion about vaccination in pregnancy.
“JCVI will review these as soon as they are available.”
Breastfeeding women should also seek the advice of a doctor or pharmacist before receiving the injection.
Deputy chief medical officer for England, Professor Jonathan Van-Tam, has said that none of the vaccine studies deliberately included pregnant women, and therefore there is a lack of information on the effects of the shot on this group.
Adam Finn, a professor of pediatrics at the University of Bristol, has explained how this is normal.
Vaccines are generally not given to pregnant women because of the “very high need to avoid risks to the mother, baby and pregnancy”.
Pregnant women will only receive vaccines if “there is evidence to support safety.”
He added, “Likewise, it is necessary to protect pregnant women from infection – therefore it is a priority to obtain the necessary information to confirm whether this is safe. But this takes time.”
Stephen Evans, professor of pharmaco-epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, said that doesn’t mean scientists have found any evidence that the vaccine harms pregnant women.
He said, “This is just a lack of evidence on the balance of benefits and harms; it is not that there is evidence that the benefits outweigh the benefits. If so, there would be a specific contraindication. [harmful in some way] against use in those groups. “
The professor explained that vaccines, as well as drugs and drugs, should only be used if evidence of efficacy and safety has been found in the groups to which they will be administered.
Because there may be women who receive the vaccine without knowing they are pregnant, they should be monitored as soon as they notify the NHS of their pregnancy.
Prof Evans added: “ If followed sufficiently, advice on use in pregnant women may be changed in the future if there is evidence that the balance between benefit and potential harm is favorable, and women with known pregnancy would be advised to have a vaccination against Covid-19.
“Studies will have been done in animals and are ongoing, and if there is evidence of harm to a developing fetus, a contraindication would be introduced.”
People with allergies
The MHRA has issued a warning that people with a history of “significant” allergic reactions should not currently receive the Pfizer / BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine.
The warning comes after two NHS employees who received the Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine experienced an allergic reaction, the NHS in England has confirmed.
Both are recovering, it is understood.
The NHS in England said all trusts involved in the vaccination program have been informed.
The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) has provided precautionary advice to the NHS, relying on anyone with a history of “significant” allergic reactions to drugs, food or vaccines should not receive the vaccine.
Professor Stephen Powis, National Medical Director of the NHS in England said: “As is common with new vaccines, the MHRA has advised as a precaution that people with a significant history of allergic reactions should not receive this vaccination after two people with a history of significant allergic reactions. reactions were negative yesterday. Both are recovering well. “
Dr. June Raine, MHRA chief, told MPs: “Even last night we looked at two case reports of allergic reactions. We know from the very extensive clinical studies that this was not a function, but whether we have taken our advice now that we have this experience in the vulnerable populations, the groups that have been selected as a priority, we get that advice straight to the field. “
Dr. Raine said there would be “vigilance” before, during and after “the vaccine is given.